At the end of the 19th century, Carl Benz was the largest automobile manufacturer in the world.
Two thousand automobiles had been produced in his Mannheim factory over the past decade, and Benz cars
were in use all over the world.
Sales for 1900 totaled 603 cars; 341 were sold outside Germany. The stereotypical “prophet
without honor”, Benz had sold his first cars in Paris and made significant sales in America before Germany
woke up to the automotive age. When the display car was sold to Freiburg industrialist Julius Oswald
Römmele, it was purportedly the first automobile in town. Obviously Römmele had a special fondness for
the car because he kept it long after it became obsolete.
In 1936, the fiftieth anniversary of the first automobiles of Carl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler, whose
two companies had merged a decade before, this Benz was selected for exhibition. By then the Third Reich
was intruding with increasing intensity into private industry. Just that January, in fact, Daimler-Benz AG had
survived a government attempt to take control.
Because Hitler, an automobile enthusiast, was obsessed with the glorification of German history,
Römmele’s car was commandeered after the celebration. As war clouds gathered, it was moved to a salt
mine near Dresden, a safekeeping measure afforded such other German cars as the all-conquering Mercedes-
Benz and Auto Union GP racers.
When peace came, Dresden was in East Germany and the Römmeles lost track of the car. Not until
the Berlin Wall fell in 1989 could the family look for their Benz. It was found on display in Dresden’s
Verkehrsmuseum. Nearly five years of red tape later, the car was returned to the Römmele family where it
remained until acquired by the Collier Automotive Museum in 1999. Any early Benz is rare. Its
participation in a century of world history makes this Benz transcendent.
Photos – Peter Harholdt
Our 1914 Simplex in the collection once belonged to Barron Gift Collier. Learn more