At the dawn of the 20th century, Europe’s two great racing marques were Panhard and newly
ascendant Mors. La Société d’Electricite et des Automobiles Mors, originally known for electrical products,
achieved automobile fame with victories in the great, open road, city-to-city races from 1899 through 1903.
This 60 hp type Z was one of six Mors entries for the 1902 Paris-Vienna race that also encompassed that
year’s Gordon-Bennett Trophy event.
For 1902, a 1,000 kilogram weight limit (plus an extra 7 kilograms for magneto ignition) was
applied to the fastest “heavy” class in an attempt to reduce the furious speeds of 1901. Manufacturers
responded with more horsepower than ever in spidery ultra light chassis. Strategically not matching the
prodigious power of archrival Panhard, Mors chose a more conservative approach; “pneumatic” shock
absorbers for better handling and a mechanically efficient direct drive top gear to redress Panhard’s horse
The first day, leading all 136 competitors, Fournier must have found Mors’ strategy to his liking as
he roared past the organizers’ high-speed press train at over 70 mph trailing a huge plume of road dust.
Despite such a brave start, all but one of the Mors entries came to grief. This car, that of the Baron
de Caters, placed 9th after 615 miles and three days of brutal racing over the arrow straight Routes
Nationales of France, unpaved, potholed Alpine passes and the scorching, undulating roads of central
Yet, the sheer speed of the Sixty was enough to see three challenges to the world Land Speed
Record by Type Z Mors racers in short order. William K. Vanderbilt, the American millionaire, led off at
Ablis, near Chartres, France, on August 5, 1902, being timed at 76.08 mph, thereby becoming the first
internal combustion powered titleholder.
Photos – Peter Harholdt
Our 1914 Simplex in the collection once belonged to Barron Gift Collier. Learn more