Emile Mors was a speed merchant who preferred to leave the driving to his factory team
and to the wealthy “gentlemen drivers” who were his marque’s biggest fans, among them the
Honorable Charles Stewart Rolls (who had not yet made the acquaintance of Henry Royce) and
William K. Vanderbilt, Jr.
So fast and famous was the Mors that, in the midst of an anti-automobile tirade, a
member of Britain’s Parliament drew on his classical education to suggest that Emile’s car was so
named because “Mors” meant “death” in Latin and thus provided tacit permission for its driver to
run down anyone who got in his way. Such prejudice was fueled by the fact that Mors unwisely
used the Latin tag “Mors ianua vitae” (death is the gateway to life) in its advertising, confident
that its upper-crust clientele would appreciate the pun.
Mors backed down from its emphasis on competition in 1905. In 1906, the company
licensed a factory in St. Louis to produce the American Mors. The following year was awful. A
poor businessman, Emile fell victim to the Panic of 1907. His company was reorganized in 1908,
with former gearmaker André Citroén in charge. And the decision was hastily made to enter the
three cars in the French Grand Prix. The result demonstrated what haste makes. One car was a
non-starter, the second finished 17th, the display car – driven by the famed “Red Devil” Jenatzy –
could do no better the 16th, nearly an hour and a half behind the winning Mercedes.
The 1908 Grand Prix was Mors’ last major effort in competition. In 1909, the American
Mors was discontinued. A decade later, in Paris, Mors’ future was preordained when André
Citroén put his own name on a car and made plans to become France’s Henry Ford. By the midtwenties
the Mors was no more. The name appeared on an electric car during World War II and
was last seen on a mid-fifties motor scooter carrying the hopeful model designation of “Speed
Photos – Peter Harholdt
Our 1914 Simplex in the collection once belonged to Barron Gift Collier. Learn more