That the Pierce-Arrow of Buffalo descended from a company that originally manufactured birdcages is among the more charming footnotes to American automobile history – charming because of what the Pierce-Arrow was – one of the stellar “Three P’s” (with Peerless of Cleveland and Packard of Detroit) in the U.S. luxury car field.
During the Gay Nineties, the upstate New York firm had successfully added bicycles to its household product line. Its first automobile, however – a steamer – was a failure. Thereafter Pierce turned to gasoline engines, the small single cylinder Motorette evolving into the mighty four-cylinder Great Arrow by 1904. Beginning in 1905, a Great Arrow won the inaugural and three subsequent Glidden Tours. These victories brought the company national fame. In 1907 a six-cylinder model was added. In 1909 the name Pierce-Arrow was adopted, “Great” being dropped as redundant.
By 1915, when this $4900 “Runabout with Victoria Top” was marketed, Pierce-Arrow had built its 12,000th car, a production figure exceeded only by Packard among U.S. luxury car manufacturers. Pierce- Arrow had also become the car of choice for U.S. Presidents, starting in 1909 when William Howard Taft added two Pierce-Arrows to the White House stable. The presidential preference lasted until Pierce was ousted by another of the Three Ps – Packard – in the Hoover era two decades later.
Painstaking attention to detail was a Pierce-Arrow hallmark, as was a curious amalgam of the progressive, the conservative and the eccentric. Extensive use of aluminum, power braking and hydraulic tappets were areas in which Pierce-Arrow pioneered. But right hand drive remained a feature until 1920, when such positioning was an obvious anachronism. The Pierce-Arrow’s most famous idiosyncrasy – the fender-ensconced headlamps – endured from 1913 to the end.
The end came in 1938. “Discriminating men and women have little patience with a compromise,” the catalog promoting the Pierce-Arrow that stands before you had stated. Unfortunately, few discriminating people during the Depression could afford the car. Introducing a cheaper line, as other high-priced manufacturers did, was an anathema. Pierce-Arrow went down with luxury flags flying.
Photos – Peter Harholdt
Unlike most museums we actually drive our cars on a regular basis and even race some of them. Learn more