1956 Volkswagen

Type: Beetle

  • Serial No. 250376
  • Porsche flat-four air-cooled engine, rear mounted, twin overhead camshafts, 1679 cc, 183 hp.

Underneath the sheep’s clothing of this 1956 Volkswagen is a feral Porsche wolf. The transmission
is 911, Spyder brakes are at all corners, the engine is the 1700cc 547/5 flat four (same as the Elva Porsche).
Even what you see is deceptive: fenders, door skins, engine lid, front trunk lid, running boards and bumpers
are all aluminum.

But this Porsche-laden VW is more than an interesting symbiosis. It is symbolic of the converging
road taken to arrive at a light and handy modern sports car worthy of the legendary Porsche name.

Ferdinand Porsche was father of the Volkswagen. Following his departure from Daimler-Benz to
set up an independent design studio in Stuttgart in 1931, Porsche had commenced on a variety of automotive
projects, numbering each new design consecutively (though he craftily began with number 7 to allay any
possible trepidation by his first client). The Volkswagen, or People’s Car, carried project No. 60.

During World War II, when the pressure of Allied bombing had become too great, the Porsche
studio was relocated near the family estate in the resort of Zell am See, Austria. Close by was Gmünd where,
in a converted sawmill, project No. 356 was born in 1948. The new Porsche was brought to reality by Ferry
Porsche working under the watchful eye of his father.

Manufacture in Gmünd was on a shoestring. The 356’s engine was a pushrod VW fitted with
Porsche-designed cylinder heads. The bodies were hand hammered over wooden bucks out of sheet
aluminum.

Humble origins fascinate when followed by a long and remarkable history. The car that was born of
Volkswagen parts in a converted sawmill in the Austrian mountains is proof positive of that.

 

Photos – Peter Harholdt

Stats

Year
1956 Volkswagen
Type
Beetle
Serial No
250376
Engine
Porsche flat-four air-cooled engine, rear mounted, twin overhead camshafts, 1679 cc, 183 hp.
Wheelbase
94 inches
Weight
1782 pounds

Did you know?

Most race cars were non-competitive after their first campaign — the 1927 Vauxhall was competitive for 23 years (1927–1950) and you can see it in person. Learn more

Collier Collection